A Typical Masonry Chimney
For information on any chimney part, point to its name.
If the arrow turns into a hand, you can click for even more information.
- Metal, stone or clay structure intended to keep out rain, snow, leaves, animals, etc.
- Tapered concrete or mortar. Aids in keeping water off the top of the chimney structure. Without this, freeze-thaw damage can occur.
- Clay, ceramic or metal conduit in a chimney intended to contain the combustion products and to protect the chimney shell from heat and corrosion.
- Acts as a funnel to compress the smoke and gases from the fire so that they will squeeze into the chimney flue above.
- The smoke shelf is located behind the damper.
- A decorative surround around the fireplace opening.
- Regulates the draft and air passing from the firebox into the smoke chamber. Top sealing dampers are located at the top of the chimney under the rain cap or by themselves.
- The rectangular opening just before the damper.
- The area above the lintel also called the chimney breast.
- The supporting member of the fireplace opening, the lintel is made of angle iron.
- The area where the fire is burned; generally built of firebrick. This area can be made of metal as in a 'Steel Fireplace Unit'.
- Composed of the firebox floor and the hearth extension (the part of the fireplace that extends out past the fireplace opening).
- A non-combustible storage area into which the ashes are dumped.
- Foundation should be adequate to support load without settling.
- MasonrySaver® Water Repellents
- CrownSeal™ The Flexible Solution for Chimney Crowns
- Ahrens® Chimney Crowns of Distinction
- Ahrens® Chim-Pro® Clay Chimney Tops
- Ahrens® Chamber-Tech 2000 for Fireplace Smoke Chamber Restoration
- What Is a Rumford Fireplace, Anyway?
Hickory Mountain Photo Galleries
Samples of our recent masonry work can be seen in the following galleries. Galleries open in their own window; click thumbnails to advance or review; click main image to close and return to this page.